Games for Practitioners

Introduction

Experimental games are used as intervention tools to stimulate collective action on nature resource management. The origin of this use of experiments is the observation by Juan Camilo Cardenas in the early 2000s that when he returned to villages where experiments on common pool resources were done, communities sometimes had changes their governance as a response to lessons learned from the participation in experiments. Since 2012 we start testing the use of experimental games as intervention tools in India and Colombia (see also here). The experiments have their roots in theory and can be applied to many situations. As such it provides an intervention tool that can be applied to many communities (in contrast to games that are created with the communities).Here we provide manuals of games that could be used as intervention tools.  We also provide videos on how the experiments are used. The experimental games do not provide solutions, but they provide a safe tacit experience by various people of the community that stimulate a discussion on governance issues of their shared natural resources. Below you find a video on experiences how the games are used in India.

 

Group of scholars and practitioners who use experimental games to facilitate self-governance of common resources. Group members can share their experience with the games, share photos on the games in action and ask questions on it’s proper application.

Introduction

Experimental games are used as intervention tools to stimulate collective action on nature resource management. The origin of this use of experiments is the observation by Juan Camilo Cardenas in the early 2000s that when he returned to villages where experiments on common pool resources were done, communities sometimes had changes their governance as a response to lessons learned from the participation in experiments. Since 2012 we start testing the use of experimental games as intervention tools in India and Colombia (see also here). The experiments have their roots in theory and can be applied to many situations. As such it provides an intervention tool that can be applied to many communities (in contrast to games that are created with the communities).Here we provide manuals of games that could be used as intervention tools.  We also provide videos on how the experiments are used. The experimental games do not provide solutions, but they provide a safe tacit experience by various people of the community that stimulate a discussion on governance issues of their shared natural resources. Below you find a video on experiences how the games are used in India.

Potato Market Game for Practitioners

In this game the participants experience the power of the ‘invisible hand’. Each player has their own economic profile when it will be beneficial to sell potatoes. The participants experience that although each individual tries to do best for him or herself, players are able to trade and everyone benefits. After playing the standard potato market game we introduce externalities where players experience the consequences of the product on say the environment for which one adjust the price of the potatoes to internalize the impact of potato production on the environment.

(1) Without Externalities Version  (2) With Externalities Version

(1)  
(2)

Browse instruction manuals for the potato market game by clicking these images.

DOWNLOAD Instruction Manual of Potato Market Game

Without Externalities   PDF

Without Externalities   .docx

With Externalities   PDF

With Externalities   .docx

Potato Market Game for Practitioners

In this game the participants experience the power of the ‘invisible hand’. Each player has their own economic profile when it will be beneficial to sell potatoes. The participants experience that although each individual tries to do best for him or herself, players are able to trade and everyone benefits. After playing the standard potato market game we introduce externalities where players experience the consequences of the product on say the environment for which one adjust the price of the potatoes to internalize the impact of potato production on the environment.

(1) Without Externalities Version  (2) With Externalities Version

(1)  
(2)

Browse instruction manuals for the potato market game by clicking these images.

DOWNLOAD Instruction Manual of Potato Market Game

Without Externalities   PDF

Without Externalities   .docx

With Externalities   PDF

With Externalities   .docx

Cooperation, Coordination, and Conflict Game for Practitioners

In this set of games standard 2-player games on cooperation and coordination are framed in a natural resource management context. With this set of games we can see how small changes in the payoff matrix affect the nature of the social dilemma and expected outcomes. Those two-player games are the starting point for the more comprehensive n-player games that can be found on the rest of this page.

Browse instruction manual for the the cooperation, coordination, and conflict game by clicking this image.

DOWNLOAD Instruction Manual of the Cooperation, Coordination, and Conflict Game for Practitioners

Manual   PDF

Manual   .docx

Cooperation, Coordination, and Conflict Game for Practitioners

In this set of games standard 2-player games on cooperation and coordination are framed in a natural resource management context. With this set of games we can see how small changes in the payoff matrix affect the nature of the social dilemma and expected outcomes. Those two-player games are the starting point for the more comprehensive n-player games that can be found on the rest of this page.

Browse instruction manual for the the cooperation, coordination, and conflict game by clicking this image.

DOWNLOAD Instruction Manual of the Cooperation, Coordination, and Conflict Game for Practitioners

Manual   PDF

Manual   .docx

Game of Trust for Practitioners

With this game we can measure trust and truthworthiness. The trust game is played by two players, where the first player have to decide how much to trust player 2 by giving this player an amount of his/her resources. The amount given to player 2 will be increased and player 2 will demonstrate it’s trustworthiness by deciding how much to give back to player 1 and how much to keep for him/herself.

Browse instruction manual for the game of trust by clicking this image.

DOWNLOAD Instruction Manual of the Game of Trust for Practitioners

Manual    PDF

Manual    .docx

Game of Trust for Practitioners

With this game we can measure trust and truthworthiness. The trust game is played by two players, where the first player have to decide how much to trust player 2 by giving this player an amount of his/her resources. The amount given to player 2 will be increased and player 2 will demonstrate it’s trustworthiness by deciding how much to give back to player 1 and how much to keep for him/herself.

Browse instruction manual for the game of trust by clicking this image.

DOWNLOAD Instruction Manual of the Game of Trust for Practitioners

Manual    PDF

Manual    .docx

Public Goods Game for Practitioners

This game is the classic public good game which captures a dilemma between what is good for the individual and for the group. An example is contributing labor to a community project. If everyone contributes to the project, everybody benefits, but if one person freerides and does not contribute labor, that person will still get the benefits.

Browse instruction manual for the public goods game by clicking this image.

DOWNLOAD Instruction Manual of Public Goods Game for Practitioners

Manual   PDF

Manual   .docx

Public Goods Game for Practitioners

This game is the classic public good game which captures a dilemma between what is good for the individual and for the group. An example is contributing labor to a community project. If everyone contributes to the project, everybody benefits, but if one person freerides and does not contribute labor, that person will still get the benefits.